Prevalence of trauma

Trauma incidents have increased significantly in the past decade, which tells us that more actions needs to be done in our nation to prevent traumatic experiences such as violence and abuse across all age groups. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic ongoing and the increase of  time people spends at home, we can safely assume to see spikes in cases of trauma for the year 2020 and beyond.


We should also remember that not every case of potentially traumatic event is reported and because of that the numbers we see may be an under-estimation of the true prevalence of trauma. This is why understanding how to identify them may be able to assist children, youth and their families to feel safe in the community while empowering them to achieve the healing they deserve.

Trauma Prevalence in Children in Singapore


The Singapore Mental Health Study

Number of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

About 2 in 3 people have reported experiencing some form of trauma in their past.

- Subramaniam et al 2020

1 or more ACEs


Major Depressive Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


2 or more ACEs


All mental disorder, such as Major Depressive disorder, Bipolar Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Alcohol Abuse, Suicidality etc.

People who have had an Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) are more likely to develop mental illnesses and physical diseases in later adulthood. The Singapore Mental Health Study revealed that at least 2 out of 3 adults have experienced at least one ACE in their lifetime. The table below gives examples of mental disorders associated with an experience of any number of ACEs.

Knowing the reality and prevalence of trauma is just the start of how we can make our nation a safer place for trauma survivors. Though traumatic events can lead to mental illness and a myriad of other problems, there are many things we can do to stop that from happening. At SafeCircle, we are committed to educating and equipping people from all walks of life, to be able to realize, recognize, respond to trauma, and actively resist re-traumatization.

What does this tell you?

Traumatic Events

Mental Disorders

Understanding ACEs

How can I help?